zabbix安裝官網文檔中文版

電腦雜談  發布時間:2019-11-07 17:03:28  來源:網絡整理

zabbix 3.0 中文_zabbix shell 短信網關_zabbix 中文

Installation from Source 源代碼安裝4.1 軟件要求 Building of Zabbix server or agents from sources requires additional software. 用源代碼建立 Zabbix 服務器或者代理必須的硬件。 The following software is required to compile Zabbix (required versions):下列軟件是編譯 Zabbix 所需(所需的版本):One of the following database engines:下列的一種引擎:? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?IBM DB2 Headers and Libraries - CLI headers and libraries are required.IBM DB2 頭文件和庫文件-CLI 的頭文件和庫是必需的。MySQL Headers and Libraries.MySQL 頭文件和庫。Oracle Headers and Libraries - OCI headers and libraries are required.Oracle 頭文件和庫- OCI 頭文件和庫是必需的。

zabbix 3.0 中文_zabbix 中文_zabbix shell 短信網關

PostgreSQL Headers and Libraries.PostgreSQL 頭文件和庫。SQLite Headers and Libraries.SQLite 頭文件和庫。Usually provided as part of mysql-dev, postgresql-dev, sqlite3-dev packages.通常能夠提供 mysql-dev,postgresql-dev,sqlite3-dev 包的一部分。NET-SNMP (or UCD-SNMP) library and header files.Required for SNMP support.Optional. Iksemel library and header files.Required to enable Jabber messaging.Optional. Libcurl library and header files.Required for WEB monitoring module.Optional. C Compiler. GNU C compiler is the best choice for open platforms. Other (HP, IBM) C compilers may be used as well. GNU Make. GNU Make is required to process ZabbixMakefiles. 4.2 Structure of Zabbix distributionZabbix 分布結構的?srcThe directory contains sources for all Zabbix processes except frontends.?src/zabbix_serverThe directory contains Makefile and sources for zabbix_server.?src/zabbix_agentThe directory contains Makefile and sources for zabbix_agent and zabbix_agentd.?src/zabbix_getThe directory contains Makefile and sources for zabbix_get.?src/zabbix_senderThe directory contains Makefile and sources for zabbix_sender.?includeThe directory contains Zabbix include files.?miscomisc/init.dThe directory contains start-up scripts for different platforms.?frontends o frontends/phpThe directory contains files of PHP frontend.?createThe directory contains SQL script for initial database creation.?create/schemaDatabase creation schemas.?create/dataData for initial database creation.?upgradesThe directory contains upgrade procedures for different versions of Zabbix. 4.3 Zabbix Server Server sideStep 1Create the Zabbixsuperuser account This is the user the server will run as. For production use you should create a dedicated unprivileged account ('zabbix' is commonly used). Running Zabbix as 'root','bin', or any other account with special rights is a security risk. Do not do it! Zabbix server process (zabbix_server) is protected from being run under root account. If Zabbix server and agent are run on the same machine it is recommended to use a different user for running the server than for running the agent. Otherwise, if both are run as the same user, the agent can access the server configuration file and any Admin level user in Zabbix can quite easily retrieve, for example, the database password.Step 2Extract Zabbix sources shell> tar -zxf zabbix-1.8.tar.gzStep 3Create the Zabbix database Zabbix comes with SQL scripts used to create the required database schema and also to insert a default configuration. There are separate scripts for IBM DB2, MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL and SQLite. For MySQL: shell>mysql -u<username> -p<password> mysql> create database zabbix character set utf8; mysql> quit; shell> cd create/schema shell> cat mysql.sql | mysql -u<username> -p<password>zabbix shell> cd ../data shell> cat data.sql | mysql -u<username> -p<password>zabbix shell> cat images_mysql.sql | mysql -u<username> -p<password>zabbixStep 4Configure and compile the source code for your system The sources must be compiled for both the server (monitoring machine) as well as the clients (monitored machines). To configure the source for the server, you must specify which database will be used. shell> ./configure --enable-server --with-mysql --with-net-snmp --with-jabber --with-libcurl # for MySQL + Jabber + WEB monitoring However, if you want to compile client binaries along with server binaries, run: shell> ./configure --enable-server --enable-agent --with-mysql --with-net-snmp --with-jabber --with-libcurl Use flag --enable-static to statically link libraries. If you plan to distribute compiled binaries among different servers, you must use this flag to make these binaries work without required libraries. Note that --enable-static does not work under Solaris.Step 5Make and install everything shell> make install By default, make install will install all the files in /usr/local/sbin, /usr/local/lib etc. Make sure that you have enough permissions. You can specify an installation prefix other than /usr/local using --prefix, for example --prefix=/home/zabbix. In this case daemon binaries will be installed under <prefix>/sbin, while utilities under <prefix>/bin. Man pages will be installed under <prefix>/share.Step 6Configure /etc/services The step is optional. However, it is recommended. On the client (monitored) machines, add the following lines to /etc/services: zabbix-agent zabbix-agent zabbix-trapper zabbix-trapper 10050/tcpZabbix 10050/udpZabbix 10051/tcpZabbix 10051/udpZabbix Agent Agent Trapper TrapperNote that the port numbers are official Zabbix ports registered in IANA.Step 7Configure /etc/inetd.conf If you plan to use zabbix_agent instead of the recommended zabbix_agentd, the following line must be added: zabbix_agent stream tcp nowait.3600 zabbix /opt/zabbix/bin/zabbix_agent Restart inetd shell>killall -HUP inetd Modify default settings in configuration filesStep 8Create a location to hold configuration files:mkdir /etc/zabbixStep 9Configure /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.conf You need to configure this file for every host with zabbix_agentd installed. The file should contain the IP address of the Zabbix server. Connections from other hosts will be denied. You may take misc/conf/zabbix_agentd.conf as example.Step 10Configure /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf For small installations (up to ten monitored hosts), default parameters are sufficient. However, you should change default parameters to maximize performance of Zabbix. See section [Performance tuning] for more details. You may take misc/conf/zabbix_server.conf as example.Step 11Run server processes Run zabbix_server on server side. shell> cd sbin shell> ./zabbix_serverStep 12Run agents Run zabbix_agentd where necessary. shell> cd sbin shell> ./zabbix_agentd 4.4 Zabbix Proxy Zabbix Proxy is a special process. It is not required to run Zabbix.Step 1Create the Zabbixsuperuser accountThis is the user the Proxy will run as. For production use you should create a dedicated unprivileged account ('zabbix' is commonly used). Running Zabbix Proxy as 'root', 'bin', or any other account with special rights is a security risk. Do not do it! Zabbix Proxy process (zabbix_proxy) is protected from being run under root account.Step 2Extract Zabbix sources shell> tar -zxf zabbix-1.8.tar.gzStep 3Create the Zabbix database. Optional. Zabbix Proxy process will create database automatically on the first run if it does not exist. It will use existing database otherwise. Database auto-creation is supported for SQLite only. Zabbix comes with SQL scripts used to create the required database schema. There are separate scripts for IBM DB2, MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL and SQLite. For IBM DB2: shell> db2 "create database zabbix using codeset utf-8 territory us pagesize 32768" shell> cd create/schema shell> db2batch -d zabbix -f ibm_db2.sql For MySQL: shell>mysql -u<username> -p<password> mysql> create database zabbix character set utf8; mysql> quit; shell> cd create/schema shell> cat mysql.sql | mysql -u<username> -p<password>zabbix For Oracle (we assume that user 'zabbix' with password 'password' exists and has permissions to create database objects): shell> cd create/schema shell> cat oracle.sql | sqlpluszabbix/password >out.logCheck file out.log for any error messages. Zabbix requires UTF8 database character set. If database is not UTF8 it can be converted by running: ALTER DATABASE NATIONAL CHARACTER SET UTF8; For PostgreSQL: shell>psql -U <username> psql> create database zabbix; psql> \q shell> cd create/schema shell> cat postgresql.sql | psql -U <username>zabbix For SQLite: shell> cd create/schema shell> cat sqlite.sql | sqlite3 /var/lib/sqlite/zabbix.db The database will be automatically created if it does not exist.Step 4Configure and compile the source code for your system The sources must be compiled to enable compilation of Zabbix Proxy process. To configure the source for the Proxy, you must specify which database will be used. shell> ./configure --enable-proxy --with-ibm-db2 --with-net-snmp # for IBM DB2 + SNMP monitoring or shell> ./configure --enable-proxy --with-mysql --with-net-snmp # for MySQL + SNMP monitoring or shell> ./configure --enable-proxy --with-oracle --with-net-snmp # for Oracle + SNMP monitoring or shell> ./configure --enable-proxy --with-pgsql --with-net-snmp # for PostgreSQL + SNMP monitoring orshell> ./configure --enable-proxy --with-sqlite3 --with-net-snmp # for SQLite3 + SNMP monitoring Use flag --with-ibm-db2 to specify location of the CLI API. Use flag --with-oracle to specify location of the OCI API. Use flag --enable-static to statically link libraries. If you plan to distribute compiled binaries among different hosts, you must use this flag to make these binaries work without required libraries. --enable-static does not work under Solaris. Flag --with-ucd-snmp can be used instead of --with-net-snmp. If no SNMP support required, both --with-net-snmp and --with-ucd-snmp may be skipped. However, if you want to compile client binaries along with proxy binaries, run: shell> ./configure --enable-proxy --enable-agent --with-mysql --with-net-snmp Parameter --enable-static may be used to force static linkage.Step 5Make and install everything shell> make install By default,make install will install all the files in /usr/local/sbinzabbix 中文, /usr/local/lib etc. You can specify an installation prefix other than /usr/local using --prefixStep 6Configure /etc/services The step is optional. However, it is recommended. On the client (monitored) machines, add the following lines to /etc/services: zabbix_agent 10050/tcp zabbix_trap 10051/tcpStep 7Configure /etc/inetd.conf If you plan to use zabbix_agent instead of the recommended zabbix_agentd, the following line must be added:zabbix_agent stream tcp nowait.3600 zabbix /opt/zabbix/bin/zabbix_agent Restart inetd shell>killall -HUP inetdStep 8Create a location to hold configuration files: mkdir /etc/zabbix Configure /etc/zabbix/zabbix_proxy.conf For small installations (up to ten monitored hosts), default parameters are sufficient. However, you should change default parameters to maximize performance of Zabbix Proxy. Make sure you have correct Hostname and Server parameters set. You may take misc/conf/zabbix_proxy.conf as example.Step 9Run Proxy processes Run zabbix_proxy: shell> cd sbin shell> ./zabbix_proxy 4.5 Zabbix Agent Client sideStep 1Create the Zabbix account This is the user the agent will run as. For production use you should create a dedicated unprivileged account (“zabbix” is commonly used). Zabbix agents have protection against running under root account.Step 2Extract Zabbix sources shell> tar -zxf zabbix-1.8.tar.gzStep 3Configure and compile the source code for your system The sources must be compiled for the client only. To configure the source for the client: shell> ./configure --enable-agent Use flag --enable-static to statically link libraries. If you plan to distribute compiled binaries among different hosts, you must use this flag to make these binaries work without required libraries.Step 4Build agent shell> make Copy created binaries from bin/ to /opt/zabbix/bin or any other directory. Other common directories are /usr/local/bin or /usr/local/zabbix/bin.Step 5Configure /etc/services The step is not real requirement. However, it is recommended. On the client (monitored) machines, add the following lines to /etc/services: zabbix_agent 10050/tcp zabbix_trap 10051/tcpStep 6Configure /etc/inetd.conf If you plan to use zabbix_agent instead of the recommended zabbix_agentd, the following line must be added: zabbix_agent stream tcp nowait.3600 zabbix /opt/zabbix/bin/zabbix_agent Restart inetd shell>killall -HUP inetdStep 7Create a location to hold configuration files: mkdir /etc/zabbixStep 8Configure /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.conf You need to configure this file for every host with zabbix_agentd installed. The file should contain IP address of Zabbix server. Connections from other hosts will be denied. You may take misc/conf/zabbix_agentd.conf as example.Step 9Run zabbix_agentd on all monitored machines shell> /opt/zabbix/bin/zabbix_agentd You should not run zabbix_agentd if you have chosen to use zabbix_agent! Make sure that your system allows allocation of 2MB of shared memory, otherwise the agent may not start and you will see “Can't allocate shared memory for collector.” in agent's log file. This may happen on Solaris 8. 4.6 Zabbix WEB InterfaceStep 0Zabbix frontend is written in PHP, so to run it a PHP supported webserver is needed. Installation is done by simply copying the PHP files into the webserver HTML documents directory. It is suggested to use a subdirectory instead of HTML root. Common locations of the HTML documents directory for Apache web server include:? ? ? ?/usr/local/apache2/htdocs (default directory when installing Apache from source) /srv/www/htdocs (OpenSUSE, SLES) /var/www/html (Fedora, RHEL, CentOS) /var/www (Debian, Ubuntu)To create a subdirectory and copy Zabbix frontend files into it,execute the following commandszabbix 中文, replacing <htdocs> with the correct path in your case: mkdir<htdocs>/zabbix cd frontends/php cp -a . <htdocs>/zabbix When upgrading you simply replace the content of <htdocs>/zabbix with the new files copied over from frontends/php, in this step.Step 1Point your browser to Zabbix URL.Step 2Read and accept GPL v2.Step 3Make sure that all software pre-requisites are met.Pre-requisite PHP version 5.0Minimum valueDescription In php.ini: memory_limit = 128M In php.ini: post_max_size = 16M In php.ini: max_execution_time = 300 In php.ini: max_input_time = 300PHP Memory limit 8MB PHP post max size 8MB PHP max execution 300 seconds time PHP max input time PHP database support PHP BC math PHP multibyte support GD Version Image formatsStep 4300 secondsOne of the following modules One of: IBM DB2, MySQL, must be installed: Oracle, PostgreSQL, ibm_db2, php-mysql, oci8, SQLite php-pgsql, php-sqlite3 Any Any 2.0 or higher At least PNG Compiled in or separate module php-bcmath. Compiled in or separate module php-mbstring. Module php-gd. Module php-gd.Configure database settings. Zabbix database must already be created.Step 5Enter Zabbix Server details.Step 6See summary of settings.Step 7Download configuration file and place it under conf/.Step 8Finishing installation.Step 9For distributed monitoring only! If used in a distributed environment you have to run only once: shell> ./zabbix_server -n <nodeid> where Node ID is an unique Node identificator. For example: shell> ./zabbix_server -n 1 This will convert database data for use with Node ID '1' and also adds a local node.Step 10Zabbix frontend is ready! Default user name is Admin, password zabbix.


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